Scheme for sorting, grading, labelling, packing and storage of Table eggs for exports
1. To create infrastructure for collection, grading, labelling, packing, cold storage Tables eggs.
2. To meet standards and specifications required by overseas exporters.
3. To create awareness among farmer producers, traders and consumers about hygiene, sanitation and quality of scientifically graded, labeled and packed food items.
Farmer will get a better price for his eggs.
Poultry exports will go up and it will also help in stabilisation of egg prices throughout the year.
Civil structures -
* Egg collection, grading, labelling and packing
* Store room
* Precooling and wash room
* Egg loading area
* Administrative office
Egg grading machine
Egg packing machine
Refrigeration & cold storage.
gen set, Trolleys, weighing balance etc.
To handle 1.5 lakh eggs per day.
Rs. 17.50 lakhs
Rs. 36.87 lakhs
Rs. 7.19 lakhs
Rs. 3.33 lakhs
Working capital margins
Rs. 13.99 lakhs
Rs. 78.87 lakhs
Source of funds
Subsidy from APEDA
Rs. 32.34 lakhs
Rs. 11.83 lakhs
Capacity utilisation (%)
Operating profit (Rs. lakhs)
I II III onwards
60 80 100
32.43 35.14 46.87
Project is based in egg producing states
Infrastructural facilities like electricity, roads, ports and good entrepreneurship.
Availability of skilled man power.
Already eggs are being exported.
Perspective clients can be easily trained locally.
Good market in the Gulf for export of eggs.
export earning can be significantly increased.
over a period of time, even domestic consumer may demand for graded eggs.
APEDA is providing capital subsidy upto 50% on buildings and machinery.
APEDA is also extending export incentive on freight charges.
Operations in the project
Farmers ® Egg collection ¬ Farmers
Receiving Dock and egg Arrival Hall (Room Temp)
Sorting of unsuitable eggs
Packing of eggs
Loading in reefer container
Docking of Container at Shipping yard
Scheme for financing setting up of Poultry market
To create infrastructure for marketing of broilers as well as
cull birds in he major cities/towns
Outside city/Towns int he major producing and consuming states
Agricultural produce Market committees/Poultry Associations
* Site Development
Fencing/compund wall, internal roads, gates
* Civil Structures
Office cum shops for the traders
Office for AP MC/Poultry Association
Rest House for the farmers
Bank, STD booth, canteen
Washing area for vehicles
Toilets and Bathrooms
Depends upon the number of traders,
Quantum of birds received and processed
25% or subsidy amount, if any
*Item of Income
Gate pass for the vehicle
Rent of shops/offices of traders
*Items of expenditure
Salary of staff
Wages of maintenance staff
5-6 years depending up on the gorss surplus
with first year as a grace period
Gazipur poultry market (No bank finance)
TO PROMOTE CONSUMPTION OF EGGS IN
RURAL, SEMI-URBAN AND URBAN AREAS
TO PROVIDE EMPLOYMENT TO THE
EDUCATED UNEMPLOYED AND HANDICAPPED
PEOPLE FOR EARNING LIVELIHOOD.
ITEMS OF INVESTMENT
EGG CART AND SIGN BOARD
UTENSILS - STORE, BUCKETS, MUGS,
PETROMAX, GLASSES, PLATES, ETC.
WORKING CAPITAL - EGGS, BREAD,
KEROSENCE, OIL, ETC.
10% SUBSIDY IF AVAILABLE FROM NECC\
DRDA, THE MARGIN MONEY NEED NOT
* SALE OF OMLETS\BOILED EGGS
* SALE OF TANDOORI CHICKEN
* CHILLIES & ONION
* GROUNDNUT OIL
WITH 250 EGGS/10 BIRDS PER DAY ,
THE GROSS SURPLUS WILL BE AROUND
RS.1000-1200 PER MONTH
PUNJAB, HARYANA, RAJASTHAN, KARNATAKA
ORISSA. SCHEME HAS POTENTIAL IN ALL
URBAN, SEMI-URBAN AND RURAL AREAS
PROJECT ON EGG PROCESSING PLANTS
Importance of Egg
Essential part of food
Essential constituent of food
products-processed meat paste, fast food,
Used for their taste, colour, binding capacity
and mechanical properties
As emulsifying agent used in Shampoos,
Egg white is low in fat content - good demand
as health product.
Wide price fluctuations in different seasons.
* Summer/ sravan - Prices are low.
* Winter and Rainy - Prices are high.
Demand is seasonal.
Processing of egg into products.
* Liquid products ( with sugar/salt)
* Solids - crystans
* Powder products - whole egg
- egg albumen
- egg yolk
*Egg Shell - animal feed.
Increased shelf life of the eggs
Can be transported at a cheaper rate and to
Price fluctuations can be minimised
Export of eggs and products
Eggs in shell
- Egg powder
- Frozen egg powder
Value (Rs. in millions)
1 25 000 tonnes
Netherlands, USA, Canada, Belgium
Japan, Germany, france, UK, Netherlands
Items of Investment
Plant & Machinery
-Egg Washing System
- Egg Breaking System
- Spray Drier
- Packing System
- Utilities - Boiler, Generator, Cold Storage
Margin Money on working capital
Depends on the quantity of eggs to be
handled and the products to be
A plant with a capacity to handle 1500 tons of
dry egg powder per annum will cost around
60% of it is on plant and machinery to be
imported mostly from USA, Denmark,
8 years with first two years as grace period
SKM egg products, Namakkal. Tamilnadu
Ovobel Foods, Marker, Karnataka
Balaji Foods, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Indo-Dutch Proteins, Hyderabad
Foods & Inn, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Western Foods, Ambala, Haryana
A. G. Foods, Ludhiana, Punjab
Limited as the existing plants are not
functioning as on today
SCHEME FOR POULTRY DRESSING PLANTS
( Rs. in lakhs )
Mini Automatic 1500 GB
Mini Automatic Conveyorised
Capacity (Number of birds)
Area requirement (S.Ft.)
Land and Site development
Civil construction cost
Plant and Machinery
Misc. fixed assets
Preliminary, preoperative and contingency
Margin money for working capital
Total project cost
Model Scheme for retail poultry dressing unit
1. To create awareness among the consumers the hygienic conditions and quality of dressed poultry meat.
2. To establish infrastructure for supply of fresh and neatly dressed poultry meat to the consumers
3.To create awareness about the quality products among the consumers.
i) Consumer will get quality dressed birds/cut ups as well as ready to eat products at a reasonable price.
ii) Demand for poultry products will increase with availability at convenient points
3. Project size
150 kg dressed chicken and 300 pieces ready to eat products.
4. Project components and cost (Rs.)
i) Shop (12'x10')
Deep freezer (400 kg)
Weighing scale (5 kg)
Portioning Machine 1/2 HP
Microoven - 4 kg
PC with printer
iv) Deposits - Telephone,shop
Total Project Cost
d:\Poultry project profiles\page29,30&41,42
Income - Sale of dressed chicken
- Sale of snack items
Expenditure - Electricity
- Repairs and
- Salaries & Wages
6. Economic parameters
I II III
50 60 70
Gross Profit (Rs.lakhs)
0.735 1.178 1.620
7. Financial Ratios
8. Repayment period
7 years with first year as grace period
All urban areas and around colleges
are potential pockets
For establishing a shop from
SCHEME FOR FINANCING ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTRAL GROWER UNIT CUM SATELLITE LAYER UNITS
To provide profitable self employment
opportunity to the landless labourers
Small farmers, uneducted unemployment
and educated unemployed people
Modalities of project
Selection of beneficiaries
-should be needy
-should be from the same locality
-should have a plot of land for layer shed
-should be willing to work and learn
Formation of Central grower unit
-All the beneficiaries are members
-It may be a coop.Society
Services of Central Grower unit
-Arrange finance from banks
-Help and guide them in construction of
poultry sheds and installation of equipment
and installation of equipment
Satellite layer unit
-Collection of eggs
-Collection of cull birds
Central Grower unit
-Rearing of Day old
-Supply of pullets
-Supply of Feed
-Training of farmers
-Providing Technical guidance
- Marketing of eggs
-Training of farmers
Satellite layer unit
Central Grower unit
Brooder and Grower sheds
Feed mill, office, quarters, poultry
and feed mill equipment, vehicle
Satellite layer units
Layer sheds, cages,
purchase of growing pullets
Central Grower unit
To rear at least 4 batches of birds upto
18-20 weeks and supply to the satellite unit
Satellite layer units:
The unit size may be 500-1000 birds
each and no. of such units may be around
50-100 in the area. If the number of
satellite layer units is 100 with 1000 birds each
Central Grower unit should have-booder house
and grower house of 25000 capacity each for
each batch of birds
Unit cost/Bank loan
Varies with the type of system
and number of birds to be reared
As per norms
6-7 years with first year as grace period
Maharashtra- potential exists in all the states
SCHEME FOR FINANCING SHUTTLE COCK MANUFACTURING UNITS
Poultry sector provides gainful employment and supplementary income to a large number of persons in the country besides being a rich source of nutrition (egg and meat). However, in recent times poultry industry has been hit by bird flu scare, which has led to a slump in the sector. Therefore, there is a need to explore activities for optimum utilisation of bird resources for remunerative returns from the activity. Though poultry offal are being used in pet foods and other items, its feather are generally discarded. One of the prominent use of feathers is in shuttle cock manufacture. World market for shuttle cock are based on duck feathers, however, lower end shuttle cock for outdoor purpose are still being manufactured from hen (layer) feathers.
Optimum utilisation of poultry (layer) feathers which are otherwise wasted and forward integration of poultry units with shuttle cock making micro enterprises.
This scheme has a good prospect in areas such as Jalandhar (Pb), Merrut (UP), Kolkatta (W. Bengal), Bangalore (Karnataka), Hyderabad (AP), where there is demand / market for sport goods and supply chain linkages are available. There are following three segment of entrepreneurs in shuttle cock business i) micro enterprises making low end shuttle cocks and directly marketing their products under their own brand ii) micro enterprises supplying shuttle cocks to wholesalers/ marketing houses which use their established brands iii) Large shuttle cock marketing houses out-sourcing their requirements from China and getting high end duck feather shuttle cocks manufactured themselves.
This model report has been prepared keeping in view the needs of micro enterprises. In a developed shuttle cock manufacturing cluster, a lot of division of labour takes place and even the small units out-source few of the processes involved in manufacture of shuttle cock. Processes such as threading of cock, boring of cork etc. are out-sourced from household units specially engaged in these jobs, to economise on production cost and time. Moreover, since marketing is the back bone of the industry, presence of a pool of traders for brand development, lifting the finished material and its supply to different parts of the country are a must. Therefore, this model is likely to be successful where developed clusters exist or where cluster approach is adopted and supply chain linkages are taken care of.
Entrepreneurs for this activity need to be actively involved with the manufacturing of shuttle cock and should understand the nitty grity of manufacturing/ trade. Large Shuttle cock trading houses can be a source for borrower identification based on their requirement for out sourcing the products.
5. Project component
5.1 Building/ workshed
The unit does not require much space. An area of about 200-250 sq ft will meet the requirements of the unit. For washing and sun drying of the feathers there should be provision for small area in the unit or its vicinity. Most of the units are presently being operated in households or in rented space. Hence rent for the workshed has been considered under the scheme.
5.2 Plant and machinery
The plant and machinery requirement for the unit is very small. The unit requires a cork boring machine and feather cutting and sizing machine. Both the machinery are locally available. Cork boring machine can bore 50 gross of corks per day. There is increasing trend to outsource the cork boring work since for small units the capacity utilisation of the machine is low. Thus the need for this machine will depend upon the availability of infrastructure and specific project plan. Feather cutting machine is operated by 2 labours and the output is sufficient for meeting the daily feather requirements.
5.3 Raw material:
One shuttle cock requires 16 Hen feathers which are specifically collected from wing and tail. Most of the units are purchasing feathers from traders which are procuring them from AP, TN and Punjab. The price of feathers varies from Rs. 120 - 200/ kg. However, these feathers are sometimes mixed with broiler feathers which are unsuitable for cock manufactures. Thus there is incidence of 20 -30% wastage in a lot. For preparing international quality cocks, duck feathers are being used which are available at a cost of Rs. 450 for 1000 feathers. In these feathers the rejection rate is 10%. These shuttle cocks are primarily meant for national and international competitions and for indoor purposes.
Good quality cork are being imported from Spain and Portugal. Corks are now being synthetically manufactured to meet the requirements of low end shuttle cocks. These corks are now being available with holes. The cost of cork is Rs. 6.67/ dozen. Synthetic corks are available at a cost of Rs. 3.5/ dozen. Most of the manufacturing units prefer pre-bored corks to save on labour and time.
5.3.3 Miscellaneous items
Surf or other detergent, hydrogen peroxide and chemicals are being used in washing of the feathers. Fevicol is being used for sticking feathers to corks and Eurocol along with polish being applied to feather thread to provide strength. Thread is used for holding the feathers together. Tape are used to further strengthen the cork. All these miscellaneous items would cost around Rs. 45/ 30 doz.
6. Packing and labeling Material
Cylindrical cardboard boxes are used for packing the shuttle cocks. These type of boxes with metal cap are available in the market @ Rs. 3.0 per piece. Further for labels of different sizes and design to be fixed on the base of shuttle cock and on the cylindrical card board box , a cost of Rs. 2.75 is considered for working out the economics.
There is no standard weight for low end shuttle cock manufactured in the area as these are generally used for outdoor purposes. The wholesale price of shuttle cock varies from Rs. 30- Rs 70/- depending upon the quality of material and finish of shuttle cock.
The detailed unit cost and economics of the scheme is given in Annexure I. The total unit cost of the project is Rs. 90,000/-. A down payment of 10% is envisaged in the scheme . A rate of interest of 12% is considered under the project. The total repayment period is 4 years without any grace.
UNIT COST OF SHUTTLE COCK MANUFACTURING UNIT (30 dozen/day)